From the Back Cover
In order to think critically, students need to know that the findings of psychology are tightly laced to the methods. It is with this premise that Research Stories for Introductory Psychology begins. The unique collection of readings retells 32 stories of key research that explain the very foundation of the discipline. Chapters are organized to correspond with those of nearly every introductory text, making it an ideal supplemental text. Research Stories for Introductory Psychology can also be used in place of a more traditional book or in conjunction with additional paperbacks.
- Thirty-two research stories range from “Yoking Smoking” to “Going to Pot”; from “Who’s Afraid of the Big Bad Ad?” to “Does TV Violence Sell?”; from “I Think I Can, I Think I Can” to “You’re Driving Me Crazy.”
- Discussion of methods behind each study encourages critical thinking about key concepts.
- Retelling of complex contemporary research in a simplified form is the first step in teaching the skills required for understanding current professional journal articles in psychology.
- Up-to-date research allows students to see the current state of psychology. Several classic studies illustrate important historical roots, but the text focuses on information from the last decade.
- New topics in this edition include: the outcomes of children of gay parents; the influence of context on homogeneity and heterogeneity biases; the relationship between self-esteem and aggression; and the effectiveness of token economies.
About the book
The field of forensic psychology explores the intersection of psychology and the law. The purpose of this book is to examine topics in the field using the powerful, multidisciplinary, conceptually integrated approach that the natural sciences have embraced for decades with great success.
Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection is the meta-theoretical framework that unifies the field of biology. It unites research and understanding of the development, control, and organization of behavior. The study of humans, which includes all of the social sciences, is part of the field of biology. Darwin’s theory provides a powerful meta-theoretical framework that can unify and energize forensic psychology, just as it has the biological sciences.
Evolutionary processes undoubtedly shaped physiological characteristics to help solve problems of survival and reproduction. The lungs, for example, with their vast surface area and moist membranes are marvelous adaptions for extracting oxygen and releasing carbon dioxide. Natural selection is the only known process capable of shaping complex functional mechanisms. Just as it shaped physiological adaptations with specific problem-solving functions, it also shaped our thoughts and emotions to guide behaviors toward solving recurrent problems of survival and reproduction. With this logic, we can use knowledge of ancestral problems to guide our understanding of how the mind works.
Evolutionary Forensic Psychology is a necessary step toward a unified and complete understanding of psychology and the law. It recognizes that crimes such as murder, non-lethal violence, rape, and theft are manifestations of evolutionarily recurrent selection when they gave individuals an advantage in competition for resources. Each of the chapters that comprise this volume has been selected to provide the first unified examination of important research contributions and future directions of Evolutionary Forensic Psychology.